i still think the best thing that ever happened in any of my fandoms was the time david tennant walked onstage and landed a big smacker on john barrowman and john was so excited he couldn’t handle it and he fell down on the ground
A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)
(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.
I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool. But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.
Bread Fraud was a huge thing, Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead. So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.
Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.
If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.
Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.
Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.
ALL OF THIS IS SO COOL
I found something too awesome not share with you!
I’m completely fascinated by the history of food, could I choose a similar topic for my Third Year Dissertation? Who knows, but it is very interesting all the same!
Because someday someone in the future will be laughing about how we were so big on copyright and piracy and other such. Methinks.
It gets depressing when you realize that now he throws up peace signs all the time because he basically watched that soldier get killed with weaponry that he made and the poor kid just wanted a cool picture for Facebook or something
…why would you even say that…
Welcome to the Iron Man fandom, where every minor and major thing Tony does has a back story and will make you want to cry.
Awww… Look how eager he is like “Ohmygod It’s Tony Stark. Wait until mom and my friends back home see this.” and then he gets serious like “Oh. Sorry. Yes sir.” and he’s slightly disappointed for a moment and then he’s like “Really? Aw yeah! This guy is so chill!”
Ok I need to stop because it hurts
[IF I DON’T GET X NUMBER OF REVIEWS (FANFIC FLAMINGO) THEN I’LL UPDATE AT EXACTLY THE SAME RATE I ALWAYS DO BECAUSE I AM AN ADULT]
Is this still a thing? …you’re on ff.net, aren’t you.
“There will be books written about Harry. Every child in the world will know his name.” a
I hate it when people define “being a fan” as “remembering every single detail ever”. I have a lousy memory. Sometimes, I forget what I had for breakfast. Sometimes, I forget I even had breakfast.
*JARVIS voice* Gluten-free waffles, sir.
a scientific analysis of the molly hooper kiss
There are three things that the Harry Potter fandom seems to universally agree upon:
1. Umbridge is awful
2. Maggie Smith is a perfect Professor McGonagall
3. Everyone should be at least slightly bothered by DID YOU PUT YOUR NAME IN THE GOBLET OF FIRE?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!!
4. book ginny is 100 times better than movie ginny
5. where the fuck was peeves
6. Voldemort’s movie death was stupid.